Writing a set of good software requirements takes patience, practice, and raw skill. When faced with the prospect of formulating software requirements, many organizations often choose to come up with their own methods of doing so. However, the biggest challenge is that even the smallest mistakes can lead to implementation, execution, and management hurdles. The use of software requirements management tools mitigates some of these challenges.
Requirements Management Tools: Definition
Software requirements management tools are software systems that help to manage different manually intensive tasks in application management and development processes. Among other benefits, proper requirement management tools can help an organization to increase productivity and save time. Some of the primary functions of software requirement management tools in development include:
• Tracing through all levels of requirements.
• To organize requirements according to priority for testing purposes.
• Identifying unclear, unavailable or ‘to be described later’ requirements.
• Checking the consistency of requirements.
• Storing the information concerning requirement characteristics and statements.
Common Terms in Software Requirement Management
Software Requirements Specification
The software requirements specification (SRS) comprehensively describes the purpose as well as the environment of the software being developed. The SRS gives a complete description vis-à-vis expectations and performance. A compact SRS system requires the interaction with good software management tools to attain the highest levels of recovery, security, footprint, maintainability, availability, response time, portability and operating speeds.
Agile User Stories
In software development, agile user stories are used to simplify descriptions of a requirement. These stories describe the different types of users, what they want, and why they want it. The primary purpose of agile tools is to get the software’s description from the end user’s perspective.
The testing and validation process is a crucial part of establishing the quality of the software. Test management is the practice of controlling and organizing the process and artefacts necessary for the testing process.
Requirements traceability is simply the ability to track and define the relationship between two aspects of the development process. It’s a time-consuming requirement hence essential to establish its value before commencing. Requirement traceability can either be forward or backward. When making the decision on whether to trace or not, consider the actual application of the traceability process to understand what queries need to be addressed on your project.
Continuous development is a term used to describe numerous aspects of iterative software development processes such as continuous testing, continuous delivery, continuous integration, and continuous deployment.
Impact analysis in software development refers to the breakdown of the effects of the changes in the deployed applications. It lets you know about the sections of the systems that may be inadvertently affected by variations in the applications used hence require further testing.